Minimally-invasive tubular retraction ports for intracranial neurosurgery: History and future perspectives

Mario Zuccarello, M.D. (University of Cincinnati), Dr. Andrew Grande, M.D., and Anthony Larson (University of Minnesota) discuss the historical development of minimally-invasive tubular retractors (MITRs), the advantages of MITRs compared to traditional bladed retractors, and opportunities to improve the development of prospective MITRs, including the Minnetronix Medical MindsEyeTM Expandable Port.